Sunday, December 03, 2017

United Earth




Stargate SG-1 - Children of the Gods - television series premiere Season 1 Episode 1 - Sunday 27 July 1997

Episode Summary

The System Lord Apophis launches an attack through the Stargate, tucked away by the military after the events of the movie, and the SGC program is reactivated and given a new objective - seek out and find the alien invaders and defeat them. Jack O'Neill is called out of retirement and sent to locate Daniel Jackson on Abydos.

(from internet transcript)

***

Colonel O'NEILL: He'll know this came from me and not from someone... (glancing at Hammond) with all due respect, sir, like yourself.










Stargate SG-1 - Children of the Gods - television series premiere Season 1 Episode 1 - Sunday 27 July 1997

(from internet transcript)

***


Hammond and Samuels exchange glances as the Stargate continues spinning, the chevrons locking in.

DAVIS: Chevron 6, encoded!

Hearing that, O'Neill turns and leaves the control room as the last glyph comes up.

DAVIS: Chevron 7, locked!

The final chevron locks, and the wormhole opens with the familiar blue-white plume of energy particles before settling into a pool of rippling blue light. O'Neill enters the Gate room calmly, heading up the ramp. Camera pans down to show a view of him walking up the ramp from the other side of the Gate (i.e. we can see him through the distortion of the wormhole). He gets to the top of the ramp and stops. Cut to a side view as O'Neill simply chucks the box










Stargate SG-1 - Children of the Gods - television series premiere Season 1 Episode 1 - Sunday 27 July 1997

(from internet transcript)

***

DAVIS: The, um, object should reach final destination in five seconds... four... three... two...

As he speaks, the indicator slides along the star map towards the destination point. Close up on a tracking screen.

DAVIS: One.

At that, the tracking screen stops, a red diamond flashing briefly over the target area. Cut to the Gate as the wormhole disintegrates.

DAVIS: The object should now be through the Abydos Stargate.

General HAMMOND: Now what?

O'NEILL:(coming back into the control room) Now we wait. If Daniel's still around, he'll know what the message means.

SAMUELS: What if the aliens get it?










Stargate SG-1 - Children of the Gods - television series premiere Season 1 Episode 1 - Sunday 27 July 1997

(from internet transcript)

***

SAMUELS: They could be planning an attack.

O'NEILL:Oh, come on, Samuels. Let me be the cynic around here, okay? (to Hammond) Sir, this could take some time.

The four men file out of the control room as the camera pans back to a view of the now dormant Stargate.

Dissolve to the briefing room, where Samuels is talking to several other officers. Hammond is sitting at the head of the table, and O'Neill is sitting at the other end, both waiting anxiously. O'Neill sits up suddenly, feeling a tremor. He turns to see that the pitcher and glasses sitting on a tray on the table are trembling. All the officers in the room get to their feet, going to the window that looks out over the Gate room - just in time to see the wormhole opening.

In the Gate room, the soldiers are at the ready, keeping their rifles aimed at the Stargate, prepared to fire at whatever or whoever will come out of it. The C-2 door slides open to admit O'Neill, followed by Hammond, Samuels, and Kawalsky. They stand there for a few seconds, waiting and watching, until a small object falls through the wormhole, landing on the ramp. The wormhole promptly shuts off. O'Neill walks up the ramp and picks up the object










Stargate SG-1 - Children of the Gods - television series premiere Season 1 Episode 1 - Sunday 27 July 1997

(from internet transcript)

***

box he sent through earlier, now empty and covered with sand and dust. He wipes it off, looking at the box, and smiles, getting to his feet and heading down the ramp. He tosses the box to Samuels, who catches it and shows it to Hammond.

Written in block letters on the side of the box is the message "THANKS - SEND MORE."










From 6/26/1945 ( the Charter of the United Nations was signed ) To 7/27/1997 ( premiere US TV series "Stargate SG-1"::series premiere episode "Children of the Gods" ) is 19024 days

From 11/2/1965 ( my birth date in Antlers Oklahoma USA and my birthdate as the known official United States Marshal Kerry Wayne Burgess and active duty United States Marine Corps officer ) To 12/3/2017 is 19024 days



From 9/18/1951 ( premiere US film "The Day the Earth Stood Still" ) To 10/19/2003 ( George Bush - Letter to President Hu Jintao on China's First Human Space Mission ) is 19024 days

From 11/2/1965 ( my birth date in Antlers Oklahoma USA and my birthdate as the known official United States Marshal Kerry Wayne Burgess and active duty United States Marine Corps officer ) To 12/3/2017 is 19024 days



From 3/16/1991 ( my first successful major test of my ultraspace matter transportation device as Kerry Wayne Burgess the successful Ph.D. graduate ) To 12/3/2017 is 9759 days

From 11/2/1965 ( my birth date in Antlers Oklahoma USA and my birthdate as the known official United States Marshal Kerry Wayne Burgess and active duty United States Marine Corps officer ) To 7/22/1992 ( George Bush - Declassification and Release of Materials Pertaining to Prisoners of War and Missing in Action ) is 9759 days










http://www.un.org/en/charter-united-nations/index.html

UNITED NATIONS


Charter of the United Nations

The UN Charter

The Charter of the United Nations was signed on 26 June 1945, in San Francisco, at the conclusion of the United Nations Conference on International Organization, and came into force on 24 October 1945. The Statute of the International Court of Justice is an integral part of the Charter.










http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0043456/releaseinfo

IMDb


The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951)

Release Info

USA 18 September 1951 (New York City, New York) (premiere)










http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0043456/quotes

IMDb


The Day the Earth Stood Still (1951)

Quotes


Army physician: Their life expectancy is a hundred and thirty.

[Army physician offers Medical Corps Major a cigarette]

Medical Corps Major: [Major takes cigarette] How does he explain that?










The Day The Earth Stood Still (1951)

(from internet transcript)

***

Harley: You must have come a long way.

Klaatu: About 250 million of your miles.

Harley: Naturally, we are very curious to know where you come from.

Klaatu: From another planet. Let's just say that we're neighbours.

Harley: It's hard for us to think of a planet as a neighbour.

Klaatu: I'm afraid in the present situation you'll have to learn to think that way.

Harley: The present situation?










The Day The Earth Stood Still (1951)

(from internet transcript)

***

Klaatu: My name is Carpenter. I'm looking for a room.

Oh, I see.

Bobby Benson: Are you an FBI man?

Klaatu: No, I'm afraid not.

Bobby Benson: I'll bet he is, Mom. He's looking for the spaceman.










Stargate SG-1 - Children of the Gods - television series premiere Season 1 Episode 1 - Sunday 27 July 1997

(from internet transcript)

***

KAWALSKY: Boy, I can't say I missed this place.

JACKSON: Come on.

He starts off, followed by O'Neill and Kawalsky. Carter hangs back, taking it in for a moment.

CARTER: This is just incredible.

As the group heads down the steps of the temple, the camera pulls back to show an overhead view of the temple entrance and steps jutting out from the sand at the base of a pyramid-shaped structure.

Dissolve to another shot of the desert, then cut to a darkened hallway. Three natives with torches lead the way inside a different building. Daniel comes next, followed by O'Neill, Carter and Kawalsky with flashlights.

JACKSON: So, I - I figured that there had to be more to this place, so I started exploring, um, this area around the town and the pyramid at first. And after about a month, I found this place. Uh, Captain Doctor, you're going to love this.

Carter shines her flashlight around, although the central brazier provides enough light. The chamber is huge, lined by bird-headed statues alternating with cartouches of hieroglyphics. At the far end of the room is a gleaming symbol - the Eye of Ra.

CARTER: Oh, my God. This is amazing. This is the archaeological find of the century.

She shines the light on the nearest section of hieroglyphics, moving to get a closer look. O'Neill and Daniel follow.

O'NEILL:Daniel, you had a chance to translate this yet?

JACKSON: I think so.

O'NEILL:What's it say?

JACKSON: Well, uh, it - it doesn't say anything. Actually, it's sort of a chart, more of a map.

O'NEILL:Of?

JACKSON: Well, I haven't been able to analyze all of it. I mean... (gesturing around the chamber) look at it. It would take my whole life.

O'NEILL:Well, Daniel, we don't have that long. What's it a map of?

JACKSON: Well... the cartouches seem to be separated clearly into groupings. Each grouping is attached to the others by a series of lines, and each grouping contains seven symbols, so you can see where this is going, of course.

O'NEILL:Tell us anyway.

JACKSON: All of the symbols are on the Stargate in the Abydos chamber. I've also managed to chart some of them in the Abydos sky, or at least pretty close. Jack, I think this is a map of a vast network of Stargates, Stargates that are - are all over the galaxy.

CARTER: Uh, I don't think that can be, Doctor.

JACKSON: Why not?

CARTER: Well, because after Colonel O'Neill and his team came back, my team tried hundreds of symbol permutations using Earth as the point of origin, and it never worked.

JACKSON: Well, I tried the same here and it didn't work either. But I figured the destinations I tried are either destroyed or... buried, but some of them somewhere must still exist.

CARTER: I don't think so.

JACKSON: Then where did your Ra lookalike come from? (as Carter is speechless) I - I don't pretend to know anything about astrophysics, but couldn't the planets change? I mean, uh... drift apart or something like that to throw this map off?












2017_Abbi_24-1200_DSC05332.jpg












UGC_12158.jpg



- posted by Kerry Burgess 1:01 PM Pacific Time Spokane Valley Washington USA Sunday 03 December 2017

Saturday, December 02, 2017

The Omega Directive




Star Trek: Voyager

Channel 647 BBCHD

S4 Ep21 The Omega Directive

11:00 - 12:00p [ Saturday 02 December 2017 ]

Janeway receives an order for Voyager to wipe out a dangerous, unstable molecule that has the power to destroy space.










http://en.wikiquote.org/wiki/Arthur_C._Clarke


Wikiquote


Arthur C. Clarke

Sir Arthur Charles Clarke


Clarke's Third Law: Any sufficiently advanced technology is indistinguishable from magic.










https://www.smithsonianmag.com/history/going-nuclear-over-the-pacific-24428997/

Smithsonian Magazine


Going Nuclear Over the Pacific

A half-century ago, a U.S. military test lit up the skies and upped the ante with the Soviets.

By Gilbert King

August 15, 2012

The summer of 2012 will be remembered as a time when people around the world were caught up in events in the skies above Mars, where the rover Curiosity eventually touched down onto the red planet. Fifty years ago this summer there were strange doings in the skies above earth as well. In July 1962, eight airplanes, including five commercial flights, plummeted to the ground in separate crashes that killed hundreds. In a ninth incident that month, a vulture smashed through the cockpit window of an Indian Airlines cargo plane, killing the co-pilot. Higher in the atmosphere, cameras mounted in U-2 spy planes soaring above the Carribean captured images of Soviet ships that, unbeknownst to the U.S. at the time, were carrying missiles to Cuba.

In gray skies over Cape Cod, a 20-year-old telephone operator named Lois Ann Frotten decided to join her new fiancé in a celebratory jump from an airplane at 2,500 feet. It was her first attempt at skydiving. While her fiancé landed safely, Frotten’s chute got tangled and failed to open fully. She tumbled end over end and landed feet-first in Mystic Lake with a terrific splash—and survived the half-mile free fall with a cut nose and two small cracked vertebrae. “I’ll never jump again,” she told rescuers as she was pulled from the lake.

But of all the things happening in the skies that summer, nothing would be quite as spectacular, surreal and frightening as the military project code-named Starfish Prime. Just five days after Americans across the country witnessed traditional Fourth of July fireworks displays, the Atomic Energy Commission created the greatest man-made light show in history when it launched a thermonuclear warhead on the nose of a Thor rocket, creating a suborbital nuclear detonation 250 miles above the Pacific Ocean.

In the fifty minutes that followed, witnesses from Hawaii to New Zealand were treated to a carnival of color as the sky was illuminated in magnificent rainbow stripes and an artificial aurora borealis. With a yield of 1.45 megatons, the hydrogen bomb was approximately 100 times more powerful than the atomic bomb dropped on Hiroshima 17 years before. Yet scientists underestimated the effects of the bomb and the resulting radiation.

Knowledge of radiation in space was still fragmentary and new. It was only four years before that James A. Van Allen, a University of Iowa physicist who had been experimenting with Geiger counters on satellites, claimed to have discovered that the planet was encircled by a “deadly band of X-rays,” and that radiation from the sun “hit the satellites so rapidly and furiously” that the devices jammed. Van Allen announced his findings on May 1, 1958, at a joint meeting of the National Academy of Sciences and the American Physical Society, and the following day, the Chicago Tribune bannered the headline, “Radiation Belt Dims Hope of Space Travel.” The story continued: “Death, lurking in a belt of unexpectedly heavy radiation about 700 miles above the earth, today dimmed man’s dreamed of conquering outer space.”

News of the “hot band of peril” immediately cast doubt on whether Laika, the Russian dog, would have been able to survive for a week in space aboard Sputnik II, as the Soviets claimed, in November of 1957. (The Soviets said that after six days, the dog’s oxygen ran out and she was euthanized with poisoned food. It was later learned that Laika, the first live animal to be launched into space, died just hours after the launch from overheating and stress, when a malfunction in the capsule caused the temperature to rise.)

What Van Allen had discovered were the bands of high-energy particles that were held in place by strong magnetic fields, and soon known as the Van Allen Belts. A year later, he appeared on the cover of Time magazine as he opened an entirely new field of research—magnetospheric physics—and catapulted the United States into the race to space with the Soviet Union.

On the same day Van Allen held his press conference in May 1958, he agreed to cooperate with the U.S. military on a top-secret project. The plan: to send atomic bombs into space in an attempt to blow up the Van Allen Belts, or to at least disrupt them with a massive blast of nuclear energy.

At the height of the Cold War, the thinking may have been, as the science historian James Fleming said recently, that “if we don’t do it, the Russians will.” In fact, over the next few years, both the United States and the Soviet Union tested atomic bombs in space, with little or no disruption in the Van Allen Belts. Fleming suspects that the U.S. military may have theorized that the Van Allen belts could be used to attack the enemy. But in July 1962, the United States was ready to test a far more powerful nuclear bomb in space

The first Starfish Prime launch, on June 20, 1962, at Johnston Island in the Pacific, had to be aborted when the Thor launch vehicle failed and the missile began to break apart. The nuclear warhead was destroyed mid-flight, and radioactive contamination rained back down on the island.

Despite protests from Tokyo to London to Moscow citing “the world’s violent opposition” to the July 9 test, the Honolulu Advertiser carried no ominous portent with its headline, “N-Blast Tonight May Be Dazzling; Good View Likely,” and hotels in Hawaii held rooftop parties.

The mood on the other side of the planet was somewhat darker. In London, England, 300 British citizens demonstrated outside the United States Embassy, chanting “No More Tests!” and scuffling with police. Canon L. John Collins of St. Paul’s Cathedral called the test “an evil thing,” and said those responsible were “stupid fools.” Izvestia, the Soviet newspaper, carried the headline, “Crime of American Atom-mongers: United States Carries Out Nuclear Explosion in Space.”

Soviet film director Sergei Yutkevich told the paper, “We know with whom we are dealing: yet we hoped, until the last moment, that the conscience, if not the wisdom, of the American atom-mongers would hear the angry voices of millions and millions of ordinary people of the earth, the voices of mothers and scientists of their own country.” (Just eight months before, the Soviets tested the Tsar Bomba, the most powerful nuclear weapon ever detonated—a 50-megaton hydrogen bomb—on an archipelago in the Arctic Ocean in the north of Russia.)

Just after 11 p.m. Honolulu time on July 9, the 1.45-megaton hydrogen bomb was detonated thirteen minutes after launch. Almost immediately, an electromagnetic pulse knocked out electrical service in Hawaii, nearly 1,000 miles away. Telephone service was disrupted, streetlights were down and burglar alarms were set off by a pulse that was much larger than scientists expected.

Suddenly, the sky above the Pacific was illuminated by bright auroral phenomena. “For three minutes after the blast,” one reporter in Honolulu wrote, “the moon was centered in a sky partly blood-red and partly pink. Clouds appeared as dark silhouettes against the lighted sky.” Another witness said, “A brilliant white flash burned through the clouds rapidly changing to an expanding green ball of irradiance extending into the clear sky above the overcast.” Others as far away as the Fiji Islands—2,000 miles from Johnston Island—described the light show as “breathtaking.”

In Maui, a woman observed auroral lights that lasted a half hour in “a steady display, not pulsating or flickering, taking the shape of a gigantic V and shading from yellow at the start to dull red, then to icy blue and finally to white.”

“To our great surprise and dismay, it developed that Starfish added significantly to the electrons in the Van Allen belts,” Atomic Energy Commission Glenn Seaborg wrote in his memoirs. “This result contravened all our predictions.”

More than half a dozen satellites had been victimized by radiation from the blast. Telstar, the AT&T communications satellite launched one day after Starfish, relayed telephone calls, faxes and television signals until its transistors were damaged by Starfish radiation. (The Soviets tested their own high-altitude thermonuclear device in October 1962, which further damaged Telstar’s transistors and rendered it useless.)

Both the Soviets and the United States conducted their last high-altitude nuclear explosions on November 1, 1962. It was also the same day the Soviets began dismantling their missiles in Cuba. Realizing that the two nations had come close to a nuclear war, and prompted by the results of Starfish Prime and continuing atomic tests by the Soviets, President John F. Kennedy and Premier Nikita Khrushchev signed the Limited Nuclear Test Ban Treaty on July 25, 1963, banning atmospheric and exoatmospheric nuclear testing. And while the U.S. and the Soviet Union would continue their race to space at full throttle, for the time being, the treaty significantly slowed the arms race between the two superpowers.



http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/badastronomy/2012/07/09/the-50th-anniversary-of-starfish-prime-the-nuke-that-shook-the-world/

Discover


The 50th anniversary of Starfish Prime: the nuke that shook the world

By Phil Plait July 9, 2012 6:05 am

On July 9, 1962 — 50 years ago today — the United States detonated a nuclear weapon high above the Pacific Ocean. Designated Starfish Prime, it was part of a dangerous series of high-altitude nuclear bomb tests at the height of the Cold War. Its immediate effects were felt for thousands of kilometers, but it would also have a far-reaching aftermath that still touches us today.

In 1958, the Soviet Union called for a ban on atmospheric tests of nuclear weapons, and went so far as to unilaterally stop such testing. Under external political pressure, the US acquiesced. However, in late 1961 political pressures internal to the USSR forced Khrushchev to break the moratorium, and the Soviets began testing once again. So, again under pressure, the US responded with tests of their own.

It was a scary time to live in.

The US, worried that a Soviet nuclear bomb detonated in space could damage or destroy US intercontinental missiles, set up a series of high-altitude weapons tests called Project Fishbowl (itself part of the larger Operation Dominic) to find out for themselves what happens when nuclear weapons are detonated in space. High-altitude tests had been done before, but they were hastily set up and the results inconclusive. Fishbowl was created to take a more rigorous scientific approach.

Boom! Goes the dynamite

On July 9, 1962, the US launched a Thor missile from Johnston island, an atoll about 1500 kilometers (900 miles) southwest of Hawaii. The missile arced up to a height of over 1100 km (660 miles), then came back down. At the preprogrammed height of 400 km (240 miles), just seconds after 09:00 UTC, the 1.4 megaton nuclear warhead detonated.

And all hell broke loose.

1.4 megatons is the equivalent of 1.4 million tons of TNT exploding. However, nuclear weapons are fundamentally different from simple chemical explosives. TNT releases its energy in the form of heat and light. Nukes also generate heat and light, plus vast amounts of X-rays and gamma rays – high-energy forms of light – as well as subatomic particles like electrons and heavy ions.

When Starfish prime exploded, the effects were devastating. Here’s a video showing actual footage from the test, 50 years ago today:

As you can see, the explosion was roughly spherical; the shock wave expanding in all directions roughly equally since there is essentially no atmosphere at that height. Another video has many more views of the test; I’ve linked it directly to those sequences, but if you start at the beginning it’s actually an hour-long documentary on the test.

Nuke ’em ’til they glow

One immediate effect of the blast was a huge aurora seen for thousands of kilometers around. Electrons are lightweight and travel rapidly away from the explosion. A moving electron is affected by a magnetic field, so these electrons actually flowed quickly along the Earth’s magnetic field lines and were dropped into the upper atmosphere. At a height of roughly 50 – 100 kilometers they were stopped by the atoms and molecules of Earth’s atmosphere. Those atoms and molecules absorbed the energy of the electrons and responded by glowing, creating an artificial aurora.

Heavy ions (atoms stripped of electrons) are also created in the blast, and get absorbed somewhat higher up in the atmosphere. The image here shows this glow as seen by an airplane moments after the nuclear explosion. The feathery filament is from the bomb debris, while the red glow may be due to glowing oxygen atoms; this tends to be from atoms higher than 100 km, so the glow is probably due to the heavy ions impacting our air.

Taking the pulse of a nuclear weapon

But the effects were far more than a simple light show. When the bomb detonated, those electrons underwent incredible acceleration. When that happens they create a brief but extremely powerful magnetic field. This is called an electromagnetic pulse, or EMP. The strength of the pulse was so huge that it affected the flow of electricity on the Earth hundreds of kilometers away! In Hawaii it blew out hundreds of streetlights, and caused widespread telephone outages. Other effects included electrical surges on airplanes and radio blackouts.

The EMP had been predicted by scientists, but the Starfish Prime pulse was far larger than expected. And there was another effect that hadn’t been predicted accurately. Many of the electrons from the blast didn’t fall down into the Earth’s atmosphere, but instead lingered in space for months, trapped by Earth’s magnetic field, creating an artificial radiation belt high above our planet’s surface.

When a high-speed electron hits a satellite, it can generate a sort-of miniature EMP. The details are complex, but the net effect is that these electrons can zap satellites and damage their electronics. The pulse of electrons from the Starfish Prime detonation damaged at least six satellites (including one Soviet bird), all of which eventually failed due to the blast. Other satellite failures at the time may be linked to the explosion as well.

The overall effect shocked scientists and engineers. They had expected something much smaller, not nearly the level that actually occurred. Because of this, later high-altitude nuclear tests made by the US as part of Operation Fishbowl were designed to have a much lower yield. Although the explosion energies are still classified, it’s estimated they ranged from a few dozen to a few hundred kilotons, a fraction of the 1.4 megaton Starfish Prime explosion.

Ripples downstream

The long-term physical effects from the explosion died down after a few months, but the ramifications live on today. In 2010, the Defense Threat Reduction Agency issued a report called "Collateral Damage to Satellites from an EMP Attack", and I highly recommend reading it if you’ve gotten too much sleep lately. It details the effects of a high-altitude nuclear blast, and how one could be used to disable an entire country in one blow.

I am of the opinion that knowing is better than not knowing, even when the knowledge is terrifying. In this case, forewarned is forearmed. This EMP knowledge has been out there for decades, so the more we understand it, the better we may be able to use it to prevent damage from the bad guys from trying something like this.

And if I may distance myself from the horrifying political and dark human aspects of all this, there was much science learned. EMPs are fascinating, and don’t need nukes to occur. The Sun blasts out high energy particles and light during solar storms. In much the same way, these can damage our satellites and harm our astronauts in space.

Learning about them from Starfish Prime increased our understanding of the physics of EMPs, and also gave us insight into mitigating the effects. Interestingly, a nearby supernova or gamma-ray burst (a kind of super-supernova) would also have very similar effects, and could even directly affect our atmosphere. The good news is there are no potential supernovae or GRB progenitors close enough to hurt us. However, as our Sun orbits the galaxy, there may have been a time when one did go off nearby, millions or billions of years ago. There’s some thinking that the Ordovician extinction 440 million years ago – when the trilobites died out – may have been due to a nearby GRB. The evidence is sketchy for sure, but intriguing.

Lesson on the half-century anniversary

So what do we make of all this? What conclusions may be drawn?

The scientific conclusions are rather straight-forward — the existence of EMPs, the damage to satellites, the artificial aurorae and radiation belts — and have added to our knowledge.

But at what cost? I was alive and entering young adulthood at the end of the Cold War. I wasn’t born when Starfish Prime went off, but I do remember other tests, and I remember some of the nightmares I had as a kid about nuclear war. This wasn’t ancient history; it was just a few years ago. The concern over nuclear weapons is still real, as well it should be, even if the situation has evolved somewhat since then.

It may seem like madness now that there were two such huge powers (not including China, which was also a credible nuclear threat at the time) testing nuclear weapons on our own planet. Perhaps it was madness. Still, the idea of two enemies with such overwhelming capability to destroy each other and themselves is behind the premise of Mutually Assured Destruction — making it insane to attack, since it guarantees your own destruction.

That assumes one of the groups in questions doesn’t want to die. With some religious fanatics, that deterrent not only goes away, but actually becomes an instigation. That’s one reason I support reasoned, well-investigated intelligence efforts by governments. These efforts can be abused, of course, so we must be vigilant in watching the watchers. But there’s little doubt they’re needed. Bad guys are out there.

So I urge you, on this unhappy anniversary, to read more about the explosion that taught us so much about unexpected consequences, and to think about how fragile our existence can be — and why we must fight so hard for it.

I’ll leave you with one more thing. From an article I wrote in 2010, here is a video by Isao Hashimoto showing the location and information for every nuclear detonation on Earth. I titled it "What the hell were we thinking?"










Star Trek: Voyager - The Omega Directive - television series Season 4 Episode 21 - Aired Wednesday 8:00 PM Apr 15, 1998 on UPN

(from internet transcript)

***

[Astrometrics lab]

Captain JANEWAY: Come in. Status report?

CHAKOTAY: Everything's going according to schedule.

JANEWAY: Good. The Omega Directive doesn't allow me to say much but I want you to know what to expect. At oh six hundred hours, I'll be leaving in a shuttle with Seven of Nine.

CHAKOTAY: Would it be out of line to ask where you're going?

JANEWAY: I can tell you this. One of two things is going to happen. Either Seven and I will succeed on our mission, and return within a few days, or your long range sensors will detect a large explosion in subspace. If that occurs, you'll have less than ten seconds to jump to warp and get the hell out of here. Head for the Alpha Quadrant and don't look back, understood?

CHAKOTAY: I always thought Starfleet was run by duty-crazed bureaucrats, but I find it hard to believe that even they would order a captain to go on a suicide mission. This shuttle excursion is your idea, isn't it?

JANEWAY: Let's just say I've had to amend the Directive, given the circumstances, But you have your orders and I expect you to follow them.

CHAKOTAY: That's expecting a lot. You're asking me to abandon my captain and closest friend without even telling me why.

JANEWAY: If it were a simple matter of trust I wouldn't hesitate to tell you, but we've encountered situations where information was taken from us by force. I can't allow knowledge of Omega to go beyond Voyager.

CHAKOTAY: That's a reasonable argument, but you're not always a reasonable woman. You're determined to protect this crew, and this time you've taken it too far. A dangerous mission? Fine, I'll acknowledge that, but isn't it more likely to succeed with everyone behind you, working together?

JANEWAY: Ordinarily, I'd agree. But this Directive was issued many years ago, and Starfleet didn't exactly have our predicament in mind. Lost in the Delta Quadrant, with no backup. I can't ignore the orders, but I won't ask the crew to risk their lives because of my obligation.

CHAKOTAY: My obligation. That's where you're wrong. Voyager may be alone out here, but you're not. Let us help you. We'll keep classified information limited to the senior staff. We'll take every security precaution. Just don't try to do this alone.

JANEWAY: Assemble the troops.

[Briefing room]

JANEWAY: If we were in the Alpha Quadrant right now, we wouldn't be having this conversation. I'd be in contact with Starfleet Command, and they'd send in a specialised team to deal with the crisis. In their absence, we're going to have to make do with the training I've received, and the knowledge Seven of Nine has retained from the Borg. You've all seen this symbol. Omega, the last letter of the Greek alphabet. Chosen by Starfleet to represent a threat not only to the Federation, but to the entire galaxy. Only starship captains and Federation Flag Officers have been briefed on the nature of this threat. What you're about to hear will not go beyond these bulkheads, is that clear? Good.

(She calls up a rotating image on the wall screen.)

JANEWAY: This is Omega.

PARIS: A molecule?

JANEWAY: Not just any molecule. The most powerful substance known to exist. A single Omega molecule contains the same energy as a warp core. In theory, a small chain of them could sustain a civilisation. The molecule was first synthesised over a hundred years ago, by a Starfleet physicist named Ketteract. I think he was hoping to develop an inexhaustible power source.

SEVEN: Or a weapon.

JANEWAY: Ketteract managed to synthesise a single molecule particle of Omega, but it only existed for a fraction of a second before it destabilised.

(Another image. A space station with a big hole in it.)

JAEWAY: This was a classified research station in the Lantaru Sector. Ketteract and one hundred twenty six of the Federation's leading scientists were lost in the accident. Rescue teams attempting to reach the site discovered an unexpected secondary effect. There were subspace ruptures extending out several light years.

PARIS: The Lantaru Sector. It's impossible to create a stable warp field there. You can only fly through it at sublight speeds. I was always told that was a natural phenomenon. You're saying it was caused by a single molecule of this stuff?

JANEWAY: Omega destroys subspace. A chain reaction involving a handful of molecules could devastate subspace throughout an entire Quadrant. If that were to happen, warp travel would become impossible. Space-faring civilisation as we know it would cease to exist. When Starfleet realised Omega's power, they suppressed all knowledge of it.

EMH: Have you detected Omega here, in the Delta Quadrant?

JANEWAY: I'm afraid so. I've been authorised to use whatever means necessary to destroy it. Tom, I've calculated the location of the molecules. I'll transfer the coordinates to the helm. Take us there at full impulse.

PARIS: Aye, Captain.

JANEWAY: I don't have to tell you what's at stake. If a large-scale Omega explosion occurs, we will lose the ability to go to warp forever.










Star Trek: Voyager - The Omega Directive - television series Season 4 Episode 21 - Aired Wednesday 8:00 PM Apr 15, 1998 on UPN

(from internet transcript)

***

Captain's log, supplemental. Encrypt log entry. We're approaching the star system where we believe we'll find Omega. I have to admit, I have never been this apprehensive about a mission. I know how Einstein must have felt about the atom bomb, or Marcus when she developed the Genesis device. They watched helplessly as science took a destructive course. But I have the chance to prevent that from happening. I just hope it's not too late.

[Cargo Bay two]

JANEWAY: Status report?

SEVEN: This is a harmonic resonance chamber. The Borg designed it to contain and stabilise Omega.

JANEWAY: I thought I asked you to work on the photon torpedo.

SEVEN: The torpedo may be insufficient. I can modify this chamber to emit an inverse frequency. It will be enough to dissolve Omega's interatomic bonds.

JANEWAY: Here's to Borg ingenuity. This is excellent work, Seven. We may need this.

SEVEN: The modifications require several complex calculations. Assist me.

JANEWAY: I guess I will. I'm curious. When did the Borg discover Omega?

SEVEN: Two hundred twenty nine years ago.

JANEWAY: Assimilation?

SEVEN: Yes, of thirteen different species.

JANEWAY: Thirteen?

SEVEN: It began with Species two six two. They were primitive, but their oral history referred to a powerful substance which could burn the sky. The Borg were intrigued, which led them to Species two six three. They too were primitive, and believed it was a drop of blood from their Creator.










From 10/3/1958 ( premiere US TV series "Lux Playhouse"::series premiere episode "The Best House in the Valley" ) To 3/16/1991 ( my first successful major test of my ultraspace matter transportation device as Kerry Wayne Burgess the successful Ph.D. graduate ) is 11852 days

From 11/2/1965 ( my birth date in Antlers Oklahoma USA and my birthdate as the known official United States Marshal Kerry Wayne Burgess and active duty United States Marine Corps officer ) To 4/15/1998 is 11852 days



From 7/9/1962 ( the United States conducts the Starfish Prime nuclear bomb test ) To 12/20/1994 ( in Bosnia as Kerry Wayne Burgess the United States Marine Corps captain this day is my United States Navy Cross medal date of record ) is 11852 days

From 11/2/1965 ( my birth date in Antlers Oklahoma USA and my birthdate as the known official United States Marshal Kerry Wayne Burgess and active duty United States Marine Corps officer ) To 4/15/1998 is 11852 days



From 8/5/1930 ( Neil Armstrong ) To 6/29/1995 ( the Mir space station docking of the United States space shuttle Atlantis orbiter vehicle mission STS-71 includes me Kerry Wayne Burgess the United States Marine Corps officer and United States STS-71 pilot astronaut and my 3rd official United States National Aeronautics Space Administration orbital flight of 4 overall ) is 23704 days

23704 = 11852 + 11852

From 11/2/1965 ( my birth date in Antlers Oklahoma USA and my birthdate as the known official United States Marshal Kerry Wayne Burgess and active duty United States Marine Corps officer ) To 4/15/1998 is 11852 days



http://www.tv.com/shows/star-trek-voyager/the-omega-directive-10728/

tv.com


Star Trek: Voyager Season 4 Episode 21

The Omega Directive

Aired Wednesday 8:00 PM Apr 15, 1998 on UPN

Episode Summary

Stardate: 51781.2

Voyager is forced out of warp by the detection of a dangerous and powerful particle, called "Omega", that has the power to join subspace. Janeway must enlist the help of the senior staff to carry out a secret standing order from Starfleet - destroy Omega by any means necessary.

AIRED: 4/15/98



http://www.startrek.com/database_article/omega-directive

STAR TREK

Omega Directive, The

Star Trek: Voyager

Season: 4 Ep. 20

Air Date: 04/15/1998










Star Trek: Voyager - The Omega Directive - television series Season 4 Episode 21 - Aired Wednesday 8:00 PM Apr 15, 1998 on UPN

(from internet transcript)

***

JANEWAY: Fascinating.

SEVEN: Yes, but irrelevant. We followed this trail of myth for many years until finally assimilating a species with useful scientific data. We then created the molecule ourselves.

JANEWAY: Omega caused quite a stir among my own species. Federation cosmologists had a theory that the molecule once existed in nature for an infinitesimal period of time at the exact moment of the Big Bang. Some claimed Omega was the primal source of energy for the explosion that began our universe.

SEVEN: A creation myth like any other.










Star Trek: Voyager - The Omega Directive - television series Season 4 Episode 21 - Aired Wednesday 8:00 PM Apr 15, 1998 on UPN

(from internet transcript)

***

JANEWAY: Perhaps. What is it the Borg say? That Omega is perfect?

SEVEN: Yes.

JANEWAY: Is that a theory or a belief.

CHAKOTAY [OC]: Bridge to Captain.

JANEWAY: Go ahead.

CHAKOTAY [OC]: We're approaching the coordinates.

JANEWAY: I'm on my way. I'm leaving this project in your hands. Use whatever resources and personnel you need.

SEVEN: Understood.










http://www.tv.com/shows/lux-playhouse/best-house-in-the-valley-197061/

tv.com


Lux Playhouse Season 1 Episode 1

Best House in the Valley

Aired Friday 9:30 PM Oct 03, 1958 on CBS

AIRED: 10/3/58










https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lux_(disambiguation)


Lux (disambiguation)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Lux is the SI unit of illuminance and luminous emittance.

Lux or LUX may also refer to:


Other uses

Lux (soap), a soap from Unilever










https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Lux_(soap)


Lux (soap)

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

LUX is a global brand developed by Unilever. The range of products includes beauty soaps, shower gels, bath additives, hair shampoos and conditioners. Lux started as "Sunlight Flakes" laundry soap in 1899.

In 1925, it became the first mass-market toilet soap in the world. It is noted as a brand that pioneered female celebrity endorsements.


History

Origins and history

The brand was founded by the Lever Brothers in 1899 and now known as Unilever. The name changed from "Sunlight Flakes" to "Lux" in 1900, a Latin word for "light" and suggestive of "luxury.”

Beginnings

Lux's early advertising campaigns aimed to educate users about its credentials as a laundry product and appeared in magazines such as Ladies Home Journal. By the early 1920s, it was a hugely successful brand and in 1924, the Lever Brothers conducted a contest that led them to a very interesting finding: women were using Lux as toilet soap.

Building beauty soap credentials

Introduced in the United States in 1924, Lux became the world's first mass market toilet soap with the tagline "made as fine as French Soap". In the first two years of launch, Lux concentrated on building its beauty soap credentials. Advertisements offered consumers "a beauty soap made in the French method" at an affordable price, with the promise of smooth skin.

Made with fine-texture, rich in fragrance, and manufactured using a method created in France, the first Lux toilet soap was sold for 10 cents apiece.

1928–1940: 9 out of 10 stars

This era saw key launches of LUX in the UK, India, Argentina and Thailand. The brand concentrated on building its association with the increasingly popular movie world, focusing more on movie stars and their roles rather than on the product. In 1929, advertising featured 26 of the biggest female stars of the day, creating a huge impact among the movie-loving target audience. This was followed by Hollywood directors talking about the importance of smooth and youthful skin. This pioneered the trend of celebrity product endorsements.

In 1931, Lux launched a campaign with older stars, "I am over 31". The series of print ads had stars talking about preserving youthful skin. Lux also launched campaigns featuring interviews with stars and close-ups of stars, bringing to life the '9 out of 10' idea

1940s and 1950s: Romancing the consumer

Using movie stars as role models, Lux's strategy was to build relevance by looking at beauty through the consumer's eyes. While still retaining the star element, the focus shifted to the consumer and the role of the brand in her life.










Star Trek: Voyager - The Omega Directive - television series Season 4 Episode 21 - Aired Wednesday 8:00 PM Apr 15, 1998 on UPN

(from internet transcript)

***

[Cargo Bay two]

(The work on the chamber is finished.)

SEVEN: We don't need to destroy the molecules. I believe I've found a way to stabilise them. The alien in Sickbay calibrated his containment field using Omega's own resonance, an approach unknown to the Borg. I have modified this chamber

CHAKOTAY: Those weren't your orders. The Captain wants Omega eliminated.

SEVEN: That is still an option, if she insists on yielding to her fear.

CHAKOTAY: Show me what you've done.

SEVEN: This simulation shows the molecules in their free state, highly unstable. I've modified the chamber to emit a harmonic waveform that will dampen the molecules.

CHAKOTAY: Looks great, in theory, but this is only a simulation. How are you going to test it?

SEVEN: On Omega.

CHAKOTAY: Bad idea. One mistake, and no one will be around for a second try.

SEVEN: It will work.

CHAKOTAY: Someday, maybe. Hang on to your research. For now, we stick to the plan. Stand by to transport the molecules into this chamber and neutralise them as ordered.

SEVEN: I have been a member of this crew for nine months. In all of that time, I have never made a personal request. I am making one now. Allow me to proceed. Please.

CHAKOTAY: Why is this so important to you?

SEVEN: Particle zero one zero. The Borg designation for what you call Omega. Every Drone is aware of its existence. We were instructed to assimilate it at all costs. It is perfection. The molecules exist in a flawless state. Infinite parts functioning as one.

CHAKOTAY: Like the Borg.

SEVEN: Precisely. I am no longer Borg, but I still need to understand that perfection. Without it, my existence will never be complete. Commander, you are a spiritual man.

CHAKOTAY: That's right.

SEVEN: If you had the chance to see your God, your Great Spirit, what would you do?

CHAKOTAY: I'd pursue it, with all my heart.










Star Trek: Voyager - The Omega Directive - television series Season 4 Episode 21 - Aired Wednesday 8:00 PM Apr 15, 1998 on UPN

(from internet transcript)

***

SEVEN: Then you understand.

CHAKOTAY: I think I do. I'll inform the captain of your discovery. For now, her orders stand.










Star Trek: Voyager - The Omega Directive - television series Season 4 Episode 21 - Aired Wednesday 8:00 PM Apr 15, 1998 on UPN

(from internet transcript)

***

TUVOK: Sensors show no traces of Omega molecules.

JANEWAY: Mission accomplished.

Captain's log, stardate 51793.4. We've arranged for our guests in Sickbay to be taken back to their homeworld, and we can finally put this mission behind us. This will be my last encrypted log concerning the Omega Directive. The classified datafiles will now be destroyed.

[Holodeck - da Vinci's Workshop]

(Seven is gazing at the crucifix on the wall.)

JANEWAY: I wondered who was running my programme. Master da Vinci doesn't like visitors after midnight.

SEVEN: He protested. I deactivated him.

JANEWAY: What are you doing here, Seven?

SEVEN: This simulation contains many religious components. I was studying them to help me understand what I saw in Cargo Bay two.

JANEWAY: The data isn't clear why Omega stabilised in the last few seconds. The chances are it was simply a chaotic anomaly, nothing more.

SEVEN: For three point two seconds I saw perfection. When Omega stabilised, I felt a curious sensation. As I was watching it, it seemed to be watching me. The Borg have assimilated many species with mythologies to explain such moments of clarity. I've always dismissed them as trivial. Perhaps I was wrong.

JANEWAY: If I didn't know you better, I'd say you just had your first spiritual experience.

[ Episode ends ]












https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Navy_Cross










Star Trek: Voyager - The Omega Directive - television series Season 4 Episode 21 - Aired Wednesday 8:00 PM Apr 15, 1998 on UPN

(from internet transcript)

***

[Laboratory]

TUVOK: We've disabled the locking mechanism.

JANEWAY: Narrow your phaser beams to cut through the inner seal.

TUVOK: Inadvisable. We'd risk penetrating the containment field.

JANEWAY: Then we'll have to use some elbow grease. Give me a hand. Right.

(They pull the protective door aside. The blue light from the chamber fills the room.)

JANEWAY: There's enough here to wipe out subspace across half the quadrant.

TUVOK: I'll order the away teams back to Voyager and target this facility with the gravimetric charge.

JANEWAY: It won't be enough. We'll have to go with our Borg option. Ensign.

ENSIGN: Yes, Captain.

JANEWAY: Return to the ship. Tell Commander Chakotay to help Seven complete the harmonic chamber. We'll have to transport Omega directly to the ship. That means finding a way to shut down this containment field.

TUVOK: It's unfortunate we can't study this phenomenon in more detail. We may not have the opportunity again.

JANEWAY: Let's hope we never do.

TUVOK: A curious statement from a woman of science.

JANEWAY: I'm also a woman who occasionally knows when to quit. Take another look at your tricorder. Omega's too dangerous. I won't risk half the quadrant to satisfy our curiosity. It's arrogant, and it's irresponsible. The final frontier has some boundaries that shouldn't be crossed, and we're looking at one.



- posted by Kerry Burgess 9:03 PM Pacific Time Spokane Valley Washington USA Saturday 02 December 2017

Tuesday, November 28, 2017

The Common Era of Gullible Chumps.




Timid little weaklings desperately terrified of mortality.










https://www.yahoo.com/news/tests-jesuss-presumed-tomb-back-traditional-beliefs-171209710.html

YAHOO! NEWS


New tests at Jesus's presumed tomb back traditional beliefs

AFP November 28, 2017

Jerusalem (AFP) - Scientific testing at what is believed to be Jesus's tomb dates material there to the fourth century, supporting traditional beliefs surrounding the site, an expert involved in the study said Tuesday.

The study offers no further evidence whether or not Jesus was actually buried at the site in Jerusalem, but was consistent with the historical belief that the Romans built a monument there some 300 years after his death.

It is the first time such testing has been carried out at the site, located at what is now the Church of the Holy Sepulchre and encased in an elaborate shrine, or edicule.

The tests on mortar at the site were done in connection with recent restoration work, which saw the cave where Jesus is believed to have been buried opened for the first time in centuries.

Antonia Moropoulou, chief scientific coordinator of the restoration works, said the testing was consistent with historical beliefs that the Romans built a monument at the presumed tomb during the era of Constantine the Great, circa 326.

"This is a very important finding because it confirms that it was, as historically evidenced, Constantine the Great responsible for cladding bedrock of the tomb of Christ with the marble slabs in the edicule," said Moropoulou, a specialist in preservation from the National Technical University of Athens.

The dating of the mortar shows historical continuity at the site, stretching through the Byzantine era, the Crusades, the Renaissance period and beyond, she said.

Tradition holds that Constantine had the monument to Jesus built on what was thought to be the site of his burial as he began the Roman empire's transition to Christianity in the fourth century AD.

Other monuments were built over it in later years.

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre houses the shrine today, along with the nearby presumed site of Jesus's crucifixion -- the holiest sites in Christianity.

In March, the newly restored shrine surrounding the tomb was unveiled following months of delicate work.

A 19th-century edicule surrounds the tomb with an onion-shaped dome above.

In October 2016, perhaps the most dramatic moment in the renovation occurred when the cave thought to be the tomb of Jesus was opened for the first time in centuries.

The Greek Orthodox, Armenian and Roman Catholic denominations share custody of the church, but disputes between the three had led to renovations being delayed for decades.










From 8/2/1943 ( premiere US film "Salute to the Marines" ) To 12/20/1994 ( in Bosnia as Kerry Wayne Burgess the United States Marine Corps captain this day is my United States Navy Cross medal date of record ) is 18768 days

From 11/2/1965 ( my birth date in Antlers Oklahoma USA and my birthdate as the known official United States Marshal Kerry Wayne Burgess and active duty United States Marine Corps officer ) To 3/22/2017 is 18768 days



https://www.theguardian.com/world/2017/mar/21/jesus-tomb-to-be-unveiled-to-public-after-4m-restoration

The Guardian


Jesus's tomb unveiled after $4m restoration

Wednesday’s ceremony will mark completion of nine-month renovation of most sacred monument in Christianity

Harriet Sherwood Religion correspondent

Tuesday 21 March 2017 06.26 EDT

The restored tomb in which Jesus’s body is believed to have been interred after his crucifixion will be officially unveiled at a ceremony at the Church of the Holy Sepulchre in Jerusalem’s Old City on Wednesday.

A team of Greek scientists and restorers has completed the nine-month renovation project, which focused on a small structure above the burial chamber, known as the Edicule. It is the most sacred monument in Christianity.

“If the intervention hadn’t happened now, there is a very great risk that there could have been a collapse,” Bonnie Burnham of the World Monuments Fund, which had oversight of the project, told Associated Press. “This is a complete transformation of the monument.”

The delicate restoration was carried out by a team of about 50 experts from the National Technical University of Athens, which had previously worked on the Acropolis in the Greek capital and the Hagia Sophia in Istanbul. The conservators worked mainly at night in order to allow pilgrims continued access to the shrine.

In October, a marble slab covering the rock-carved tomb was lifted for the first time in more than two centuries, allowing restoration workers to examine the original rock shelf or “burial bed” on which Jesus’s body is thought to have rested. A small window has been cut into marble slabs to allow pilgrims a glimpse of the rock.

The team also repaired and stabilised the shrine with titanium bolts and mortar, and cleaned thick layers of candle soot and pigeon droppings. The work involved the use of radar, laser scanners and drones.

Wednesday’s ceremony to mark the completion of the restoration will be in the presence of Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I, the spiritual leader of the world’s Orthodox Christians, and a representative of Pope Francis.

The Church of the Holy Sepulchre, in the heart of the Christian quarter of the walled Old City, covers the assumed site of Jesus’s crucifixion, burial and resurrection. It is a huge attraction for pilgrims and tourists from all over the world, many weeping and clutching precious mementos or photographs of loved ones and forming long queues for the shrine.

Six denominations – Latin (Roman Catholic), Greek Orthodox, Armenian Apostolic, Syrian Orthodox, Ethiopian Orthodox and Copts – share custodianship of the cavernous church. Bitter disputes over territories and responsibilities have erupted in the past, sometimes involving physical altercations. Disputes between the denominations have held up restoration work for decades.

In a sign of the distrust between the different denominations, the keys to the church have been held by a Muslim family since the 12th century.

The shrine has been rebuilt four times in its history, most recently in 1810 after a fire. The structure had been held in place for almost 70 years by iron girders erected on the instructions of a British governor who ruled Palestine in the Mandate era. They have now been removed.

The $4m (£3.2m) cost of the restoration came from contributions from the six denominations which share custody of the church, King Abdullah of Jordan, the Palestinian Authority, and Mica Ertegun, the widow of Atlantic Records co-founder Ahmet Ertegun, who gave $1.3m.

Since you’re here …

… we have a small favour to ask. More people are reading the Guardian than ever but advertising revenues across the media are falling fast. And unlike many news organisations, we haven’t put up a paywall – we want to keep our journalism as open as we can. So you can see why we need to ask for your help. The Guardian’s independent, investigative journalism takes a lot of time, money and hard work to produce. But we do it because we believe our perspective matters – because it might well be your perspective, too.

I appreciate there not being a paywall: it is more democratic for the media to be available for all and not a commodity to be purchased by a few. I’m happy to make a contribution so others with less means still have access to information.

Thomasine F-R.

If everyone who reads our reporting, who likes it, helps fund it, our future would be much more secure. For as little as $1, you can support the Guardian – and it only takes a minute. Thank you.





http://www.spokesman.com/stories/2017/mar/22/jesus-restored-tomb-is-unveiled-well-in-time-for-e/

The Spokesman-Review


Jesus’ restored tomb is unveiled, well in time for Easter

Wed., March 22, 2017, 11:24 a.m.

By Ruth Eglash

Washington Post

JERUSALEM – Renovations at Christianity’s holiest site – carried out over the past nine months – were finally unveiled Wednesday in a ceremony that brought together rival Christian denominations and ushered in a new era for pilgrims wanting to get closer to their savior.

And it’s all ready in time for Easter, which falls on April 16 this year.

Restoring the Holy Edicule, the chamber where Christians believe Jesus was buried and rose from the dead after his crucifixion, was no simple undertaking.

The shrine, which is thought to encase Jesus’ 2,000-year-old burial cave, stands at the heart of the Church of the Holy Sepulchre, a 12th-century edifice built atop 4th-century remains.

Control of the sprawling church is shared by six Christian denominations. The Greek Orthodox, Roman Catholic and Armenian Orthodox churches are the primary custodians, while the Syrian, Coptic and Ethiopian Orthodox churches, and even some secular entities, have lesser responsibilities.

It’s a complicated status quo, resting on various written agreements and unchanged for at least 150 years. And still, squabbles among the denominations as each attempts to assert its rights at the site are so frequent that they have acquired a physical symbol: an “immovable” wooden step ladder, in place since the 18th century, reminding each group that none may alter any part of the church without the consent of the others.

In the case of the Edicule, however, there was no choice. Renovations to the structure, built in 1810, were long overdue. Water damage had caused it to buckle, and it threatened to collapse under its own weight. Last year, Israel’s Antiquities Authority deemed the site unsafe and briefly closed the building, to much protest.

With approval from the pope and the head of the Eastern Orthodox Church, as well as donations from various entities and individuals to cover the nearly $4 million restoration, work finally began in June.

Greek conservationists set about methodically cleaning off the centuries of dust and candle wax built up by the hundreds of thousands of visitors from all over the world. They restored tile work and columns, stabilizing the structure with mortar and titanium bolts.

The team also carried out restoration work in the inner sanctum of the burial chamber and cut a small window to allow pilgrims to see the bare stone of the ancient cave.

Among the religious leaders and other dignitaries at the public unveiling of the renovated tomb Wednesday were Ecumenical Patriarch Bartholomew I of Constantinople, the spiritual leader of Orthodox Christians worldwide, as well as a senior representative of the Catholic Church sent by Pope Francis.










http://hvom.blogspot.com/2014/03/oblivion-2013.html

Posted by Kerry Burgess

SATURDAY, MARCH 22, 2014


http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0036328/releaseinfo

IMDb


Salute to the Marines (1943)

Release Info

USA 2 August 1943 (Chico, California) (premiere)












https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Navy_Cross



- posted by Kerry Burgess 10:17 AM Pacific Time Spokane Valley Washington USA Tuesday 28 November 2017

Sunday, November 26, 2017

Family of Spies (1990)




Family of Spies: The Walker Spy Ring

Channel 302 KREMD

8:00 - 12:00p [ Sunday 26 November 2017 ]

(11/26) A naval officer sells top-secret information to the Soviets and recruits family and friends into the scheme.










https://www.britannica.com/biography/George-H-W-Bush

Encyclopædia Britannica


George H.W. Bush

PRESIDENT OF UNITED STATES

George H.W. Bush, in full George Herbert Walker Bush (born June 12, 1924, Milton, Massachusetts, U.S.), politician and businessman who was vice president of the United States (1981–89)










http://articles.latimes.com/1990-02-03/entertainment/ca-992_1_walker-spies-family

Los Angeles Times


Walker's 'Family' of Greedy Spies

February 03, 1990 HOWARD ROSENBERG

We tend to romanticize spies and, even when they're the enemy, give them our grudging admiration for jeopardizing their lives for a cause.

This time, however, there is neither romance nor a cause. In "Family of Spies: The Walker Spy Ring," there is only greed.

There is also no one to admire in this two-part CBS drama (which airs at 9 p.m. Sunday and at 8 p.m. on Tuesday on Channels 2 and 8), no hero to delight in, no underdog to pull for, not even an embittered idealist to sympathize with.

What is here is an incredible whopper of a story--thanks to director Stephen Gyllenhaal, writer Richard DeLong, a fine cast and, yes, even John Anthony Walker Jr. himself, the evil, depraved, corrupting former Navy man whose espionage activities from 1968-85 have been called the most damaging in U.S. history. Without Walker, there would be no story.

Walker was a chief petty officer serving as communications watch officer on a submarine based in Charlestown, S.C., when he contacted the Soviet Embassy in Washington and arranged to sell his services as a spy. Thus began a 17-year odyssey of espionage, during which Walker--who retired from the Navy in 1976--recruited his son, Michael; his older brother, Arthur, and a friend, Jerry Whitworth, to help him feed secret codes and other highly classified information to the Soviets. He failed in his attempts to get his daughters to join the lucrative "family business."

The spy ring collapsed after Walker's former wife, Barbara, turned him in to the FBI, and all of its members are now in prison.

Based on two books--"Family of Spies: Inside the John Walker Spy Ring" by Pete Earley and "I Pledge Allegiance" by Howard Blum--the miniseries carries the following disclaimer: "Certain events and characters portrayed herein have been fictionalized." Those events and characters aren't identified, so believe "Family of Spies" at your own risk.

Without a doubt, though, it conforms to at least the broad outlines of the case, from which Gyllenhaal--who squanders no opportunity for suspense--crafts a gripping tale that gets especially good Tuesday night when Walker has split from both the Navy and Barbara and become a high-living entrepreneur of espionage.

There's a puzzling bit of business here concerning Whitworth's apparent attempt to betray Walker. What does it mean? And although part of the ring, Walker's brother appears so fleetingly that he's a conspirator almost in absentia.

Otherwise, "Family of Spies" is irresistibly good.

Powers Boothe is superb as the silky, master seducer, Walker--an utterly cold, cruel and soulless man who shrewdly charms and exploits the weaklings around him and is ready to sacrifice his children on behalf of his own self-serving ambitions. At first he seems indestructible, but as his mistrust of his Soviet bosses grows and fear sets in--at one point he feels the need to carry a cane with a hidden sword as protection--there's desperation in his eyes.

But the performance of the show--and perhaps the season--is Lesley Ann Warren's as Barbara, the saddest character here, a pitiful, self-destructive drunk who loves her kids but is too lost and fragile herself to help them. Warren is one of those actresses whose consistent good acting is often overlooked, and her work as Barbara just wipes you out.

Barbara's warnings to her children about getting involved with their father are ignored by Michael (well played by Andrew Lowery), shown here as completely manipulated by the elder Walker. More than anything, that's what "Family of Spies" is about--an amoral puppeteer and his puppets.










From 6/12/1924 ( George Herbert Walker Bush the severely treasonous agent of the Soviet Union and Communist China violently against the United States of America ) To 9/14/1948 ( Harry Truman - Executive Order 9998—Rules of Precedence Relating to Officers of the Foreign Service and Other Officers of the United States Government ) is 8860 days

From 11/2/1965 ( my birth date in Antlers Oklahoma USA and my birthdate as the known official United States Marshal Kerry Wayne Burgess and active duty United States Marine Corps officer ) To 2/4/1990 is 8860 days



From 9/22/1947 ( the Communist Information Bureau founded ) To 12/25/1971 ( George Walker Bush the purveyor of illegal drugs strictly for his personal profit including the trafficking of massive amounts of cocaine into the United States confined to federal prison in Mexico for illegally smuggling narcotics in Mexico ) is 8860 days

From 11/2/1965 ( my birth date in Antlers Oklahoma USA and my birthdate as the known official United States Marshal Kerry Wayne Burgess and active duty United States Marine Corps officer ) To 2/4/1990 is 8860 days



From 2/4/1990 To 5/14/1990 ( departing as United States Navy Fire Controlman Second Class Petty Officer Kerry Wayne Burgess my honorable discharge from United States Navy active service for commissioning as chief warrant officer United States Marine Corps and continuing to Kerry Burgess the United States Marine Corps general ) is 99 days

From 11/2/1965 ( my birth date in Antlers Oklahoma USA and my birthdate as the known official United States Marshal Kerry Wayne Burgess and active duty United States Marine Corps officer ) To 2/9/1966 ( Lyndon Johnson - Telegram to the Director, Office of Cost Reduction, National Aeronautics and Space Administration ) is 99 days



From 3/3/1959 ( the birthdate in Hawaii of my biological brother Thomas Reagan ) To 2/4/1990 is 11296 days

11296 = 5648 + 5648

From 11/2/1965 ( my birth date in Antlers Oklahoma USA and my birthdate as the known official United States Marshal Kerry Wayne Burgess and active duty United States Marine Corps officer ) To 4/20/1981 ( Ronald Reagan - Statement on Federal Audiovisual Aids and Publications ) is 5648 days



From 1/11/1953 ( premiere US TV series "Your Favorite Story" ) To 2/4/1990 is 13538 days

13538 = 6769 + 6769

From 11/2/1965 ( my birth date in Antlers Oklahoma USA and my birthdate as the known official United States Marshal Kerry Wayne Burgess and active duty United States Marine Corps officer ) To 5/15/1984 ( as Kerry Wayne Burgess I began active service for an enlistment period of six years as a United States Navy enlisted sailor and United States of America military service continued to Kerry Wayne Burgess the United States Marine Corps general ) is 6769 days



https://www.washingtonpost.com/archive/lifestyle/tv/1990/02/04/family-of-spies/5afc082f-2ef2-4e37-8082-1c0041b9439a

The Washington Post


'FAMILY OF SPIES'

By Michael E. Hill February 4, 1990

LOS ANGELES -- When an actor assumes a role, he generally likes to find something nice about the part he's playing, even if the character is a villain.

Maybe it's because he will spend long hours in that role while filming. Possibly it's because he can work up more enthusiasm for playing a person he finds, somehow, likable. Maybe it's because he figures he'll be identified with the character, however briefly, and simply likes to be liked. And it could simply be a matter of getting to know a character: Surely even the darkest figure harbors at least a tinge of decency.

Consider, then, the dilemma of Powers Boothe: He had to play John Walker Jr. in "Family of Spies," a five-hour, two-night CBS miniseries (tonight at 9, Tuesday at 8).

Where do you look for the sunny side of Johnny Walker?

He was, after all, a spy. For some 18 years, he not only used his position as a Navy chief warrant officer to pass secret codes to the Russians, but he also recruited others to help carry on the work after he left the service.

But maybe he was a nice spy? Not really. He was, by the account of the miniseries, a carouser and womanizer. He was less than successful in a saloon business he had going on the side. In the miniseries, he displays the killer combination of contempt for women coupled with a certain oily charm.

Well, maybe he was nice at home to the wife and kids? Strike three. To his son, Walker openly referred to his wife and daughters -- the boy's mother and sisters -- as "the bitches." And when his wife confronted him over his espionage activities, he knocked her around. And, oh, yes, he tried to recruit the family into the spy game, succeeding with his son and brother. Nice guy.

"I could identify with the fact early on that he was distressed for money," said Boothe. "Any of us can sort of say we would do any number of things to feed our children. I'm not saying that that was totally his motivation, but it was something that I could key on and get going in the role."

In the end, of course, Walker largely corrupted and destroyed the family he was trying to feed. The only affirmative thing to be said about him seemed to boil down to a wry sarcasm. "What was that great statement he made?" pondered Boothe. "He said that he served his government very well and the Soviet government very well."

The story of John Walker Jr. is one of the singular spy stories in American history. By some Department of Defense accounts, Walker, who dealt in cryptographic codes, did lasting, if not permanent, damage to the balance of military power between the United States and the Soviet Union.

This week's miniseries begins in 1967, when Walker, having stolen a cryptographic punch card detailing secret codes, walked into the Soviet Embassy in Washington, put the card on the table and asked what it was worth.

Ultimately, according to various estimates, his information was worth up to $100,000 a year at times, or $1 million altogether -- a lot of money on the one hand, but chump change considering what he delivered.

In the '70s, Walker began moving into spy management, recruiting others to help gather information. His best friend, Jerry Whitworth, like Walker a Navy radioman, was among them. Ironically, when the Walker spy ring was broken, Whitworth received a stiffer sentence than his handler.

Walker also tried to enlist his family. His son, Michael, and brother, Arthur, took the bait.

Meanwhile, Walker's wife, Barbara, tried to raise four children and run the family-owned bar. And she was an alcoholic.

"Family of Spies" stars Boothe in the role of Walker and Lesley Ann Warren as Barbara. They gathered here recently to discuss the series at a press conference, along with the series' executive producer, Jennifer Alward, and the screenwriter, Richard DeLong Adams. The series is based on two books, Howard Blum's "I Pledge Allegiance ... " and "Family of Spies: Inside the John Walker Spy Ring" by Pete Earley, formerly of The Washington Post. In addition, the rights to 11 persons' stories were purchased, including Barbara Walker's.

Adams brought expertise of his own to his screen writing task. A former military intelligence officer for the United States Army 82nd Airborne Division, he maintains that by providing the Russians with the basis of U.S. cryptological technology, he gave the Soviets a military advantage that would serve them for a generation.

Generation is the operative word. For if Walker severely damaged his country's national security, he absolutely destroyed the integrity of his own family.

Boothe, who won an Emmy for his lead role in "Guyana Tragedy: The Story of Jim Jones," plays Walker with matter-of-fact maliciousness, enthusing over his carousing and treating wife Barbara with growing disinterest, disdain -- and fear.

Walker said in an interview once that Barbara "was the only chink in his armor," Boothe recalled. "She was kind of a reminder of something he was in the past, and that she was the only thing that could expose him. Plus, she was on his case all the time later on."

Indeed, she was his Achilles heel. She was the person who suspected, or knew, of Walker's activities for years and, in this screenplay, flirted with informing on him long before she finally did. And she comes off as the drama's tragic figure.

"In this depiction, she begins as a kind of feisty, spunky, hope-filled young woman," said Warren. "And through the course of the piece she is emotionally abused, physically battered and ultimately becomes a raging alcoholic. And her life is pretty much, as I saw it, a downward spiral, a tragic one."

Warren's performance may very well gain her an Emmy nomination and, by her account, the Walker story exacted some emotional cost from the actress as well as her real-life character.

"I found it impossible to separate from her feelings and having to create them on a daily basis for 14 hours a day, five days a week for a couple of months, I found myself taking home all of those feelings of despair and shame and degradation," she said. "And it just became harder and harder to have my own identity intact. She was a totally isolated human being, emotionally and physically, except for her children. And so it became a part of my own way of working to become more and more isolated."

When the shooting was over, Warren recalled, she was thin and depressed. She went to an establishment in San Diego for rest and meditation. "It was very restorative," she said. "Catherine Oxenberg had been there. It took me five months to get back."

Warren's delicate features and huge eyes give her a look of real-life vulnerability. Even when the miniseries was completed, it still got to her. "I watched the screening," she recalled, "and went to my car and cried for 40 minutes.

"To do this work, I have to find a way to protect my inner self. If I did such a role again, I would have to do it differently."

Playing Barbara Walker did have a personal up-side. "I work with children from drug-addicted and alcohol-related homes," she said, "and I've been doing it for almost two years now, once a week. And it was personally for me a very important opportunity to illuminate the kind of devastation that goes on with the dysfunction of alcoholism. So that felt like a very valid reason to undertake this role."

Walker, arrested in 1985 at the Rockville (Md.) Ramada Inn, was sentenced to two life terms and 10 years in prison in 1986, to be served concurrently, in accord with a plea-bargain with the Justice Department. He is eligible for parole in 1995. His son, Michael, was given two 25-year terms and and three 10-year terms, also running concurrently. Whitworth, the only non-family member in the case, was given 365 years. John Walker testified at Whitworth's trial.

Meanwhile, Barbara Walker's situation is not a happy one. According to Alward, she's living on welfare in Rhode Island. "She hauls and loads Christmas trees on trucks at Christmas time," said Alward. "This is the only work she can get. She has a real bad back, and she works where she can ... She's a broken woman."










http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=78218

The American Presidency Project

Harry S. Truman

XXXIII President of the United States: 1945-1953

Executive Order 9998—Rules of Precedence Relating to Officers of the Foreign Service and Other Officers of the United States Government

September 14, 1948

By virtue of the authority vested in me by section 1752 of the Revised Statutes (22 U.S.C. 132), and as President of the United States, and in the interest of the orderly conduct abroad of the foreign-affairs functions of the United States, I hereby prescribe the following rules governing precedence among officers of the Foreign Service and officers or accredited representatives of other Government agencies:

1. In the country to which he is accredited, the chief of the diplomatic mission shall take precedence over all officers or accredited representatives of other Executive departments or establishments.

2. In the absence of the titular head of the mission, the chargé d'affaires ad interim shall take precedence over all officers or accredited representatives of other Executive departments or establishments.

3. At a diplomatic mission the officer who takes charge in the absence of the chief of mission shall always take precedence next in succession to the chief of mission: Provided, That unless the chief of mission is absent, such officer shall, consonant with the last sentence of section 109(a) of the Foreign Assistance Act of 1948 (Public Law 472, 80th Congress), and during the continuance in force of such Act, take precedence after the chief of special mission.

4. Military, naval, and air attachés shall take precedence next in succession after the counselors of embassy or legation or, t a post where the Department of State has deemed it unnecessary to assign a counselor, after the senior secretary. Military, naval, and air attachés shall take precedence among themselves according to their respective grades and seniority therein

5. Attaché s who are not officers of the Foreign Service and who are not covered by section 4 shall take precedence with but after military, naval, and air attachés.

6. Officers of the Foreign Service below the rank of counselor shall take precedence among themselves as the Secretary of State may direct; but they shall take precedence after military, naval, and air attachés and attachés who are not officers of the Foreign Service, except when the provisions of section 11 hereof are applicable and such officers of the Foreign Service are also assigned as diplomatic officers.

7. Assistant military, naval, and air attachés shall take precedence next after the lowest ranking second secretary. At a post to which there is no second secretary assigned, assistant military, naval, and air attachés shall take precedence as a group among the officers of the Foreign Serve of rank equivalent to second secretaries as the chief of mission may direct. Assistant military, naval, and air attachés shall take precedence among themselves according to their respective grades and seniority therein.

8. Assistant attachés who are not officers of the Foreign Service and who are not covered by section 7 shall take precedence with but after assistant military, naval, and air attachés.

9. Except as provided herein no extra precedence shall be conferred upon an Army, Naval, Marine, or Air Force officer because of his duties as attaché to a diplomatic mission.

10. At ceremonies and receptions where the members of the mission take individual position, and in the lists furnished foreign governments for inclusion in their diplomatic lists, precedence shall follow the ranking indicated in the preceding sections.

11. At ceremonies and receptions where the personnel of diplomatic missions are present as a body, the chief of mission, or chargé d'affaires ad interim, accompanied by all officers of the Foreign Service included in the diplomatic list, shall be followed next by the military, naval, and air attachés and assistant attachés who are not officers of the Foreign Service, formed as distinct groups in the order determined by their respective grades and seniority.

12. In international conferences at which the American delegates possess plenipotentiary powers, the senior counselor of embassy or legation attached to the delegation shall take precedence immediately after the delegates, unless otherwise instructed by the Secretary of State.

13. In the districts to which they are assigned, consults general shall take precedence with but after brigadier generals in the Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps and commodores in the Navy; consuls shall take precedence with but after colonels in the Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps and captains in the Navy; officers of the Foreign Service commissioned as vice consuls shall take precedence with but after captains in the Army, Air Force, and Marine Corps and lieutenants in the Navy.

14. Officers of the Foreign Service with the title of consul general, consul, or vice consul shall take precedence with respect to medical officers of the Public Health service assigned to duty in American consular offices as follows: consul general before medical director; consul with but after medical director; vice consul with but after senior assistant surgeon: Provided, That this regulation shall not operate to give precedence to any medical officer above that of the consular officer in charge.

15. This order supersedes Executive Orders No. 8356 of March 2, 1940, and No. 8377 of March 18, 1940 (3 CFR Cum. Supp. 624, 632).

HARRY S. TRUMAN

THE WHITE HOUSE,

September 14, 1948










From 2/4/1990 ( premiere US TV miniseries "Family of Spies" ) To 9/5/2005 is 5692 days

5692 = 2846 + 2846

From 11/2/1965 ( my birth date in Antlers Oklahoma USA and my birthdate as the known official United States Marshal Kerry Wayne Burgess and active duty United States Marine Corps officer ) To 8/18/1973 ( The Killian Document ) is 2846 days



From 3/16/1951 ( premiere US film "The Red Badge of Courage" ) To 1/17/1991 ( the date of record of my United States Navy Medal of Honor as Kerry Wayne Burgess chief warrant officer United States Marine Corps circa 1991 also known as Matthew Kline for official duty and also known as Wayne Newman for official duty ) is 14552 days

From 11/2/1965 ( my birth date in Antlers Oklahoma USA and my birthdate as the known official United States Marshal Kerry Wayne Burgess and active duty United States Marine Corps officer ) To 9/5/2005 is 14552 days



From 3/16/1951 ( premiere US film "The Red Badge of Courage" ) To 1/17/1991 ( RACKETEER INFLUENCED AND CORRUPT ORGANIZATIONS US Title 18 - the Persian Gulf War begins as scheduled severe criminal activity against the United States of America ) is 14552 days

From 11/2/1965 ( my birth date in Antlers Oklahoma USA and my birthdate as the known official United States Marshal Kerry Wayne Burgess and active duty United States Marine Corps officer ) To 9/5/2005 is 14552 days



See also: http://hvom.blogspot.com/2016/06/12-monkeys.html
See also: https://hvom.blogspot.com/2017/11/family-of-spies-1990.html


http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=65036

The American Presidency Project

George W. Bush

XLIII President of the United States: 2001 - 2009

Remarks Announcing the Nomination of John G. Roberts, Jr., To Be Chief Justice of the United States Supreme Court

September 5, 2005

Morning. This summer I announced the nomination of Judge John Roberts to be Associate Justice of the Supreme Court of the United States. I chose Judge Roberts from among the most distinguished jurists and attorneys in the country because he possesses the intellect, experience, and temperament to be an outstanding member of our Nation's highest court.

For the past 2 months, Members of the United States Senate and the American people have learned about the career and character of Judge Roberts. They like what they see. He's a gentleman. He's a man of integrity and fairness. And throughout his life, he has inspired the respect and loyalty of others. John Roberts has built a record of excellence and achievement, and a reputation for good will and decency toward others.

In his extraordinary career, Judge Roberts has argued 39 cases before the Nation's highest court. When I nominated him to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia, he was confirmed by unanimous consent. Both those who've worked with him and those who have faced him in the courtroom speak with admiration of his striking ability as a lawyer and his natural gifts as a leader. Judge Roberts has earned the Nation's confidence, and I'm pleased to announce that I will nominate him to serve as the 17th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court.

The passing of Chief Justice William Rehnquist leaves the center chair empty just 4 weeks left before the Supreme Court reconvenes. It is in the interest of the Court and the country to have a Chief Justice on the bench on the first full day of the fall term. The Senate is well along in the process of considering Judge Roberts's qualifications. They know his record and his fidelity to the law. I'm confident that the Senate can complete hearings and confirm him as Chief Justice within a month. As a result of my decision to nominate Judge Roberts to be chief justice, I also have the responsibility to submit a new nominee to follow Justice Sandra Day O'Connor. I will do so in a timely manner.

Twenty-five years ago, John Roberts came to Washington as a clerk to Justice William Rehnquist. In his boss, the young law clerk found a role model, a professional mentor, and a friend for life. I'm certain that Chief Justice Rehnquist was hoping to welcome John Roberts as a colleague, and we're all sorry that day didn't come. Yet it's fitting that a great Chief Justice be followed in office by a person who shared his deep reverence for the Constitution, his profound respect for the Supreme Court, and his complete devotion to the cause of justice.

Congratulations.

NOTE: The President spoke at 8:01 a.m. in the Oval Office at the White House. The transcript released by the Office of the Press Secretary also included the remarks of Chief Justice-designate Roberts.










http://www.imdb.com/title/tt0099543/plotsummary

IMDb


Family of Spies (1990– )

Plot

Fact based story of John A. Walker, Jr., a Navy Chief Warrant Officer with access to top secret cryptographic communications. As a result of mounting debts, he sold secrets to the Soviets in 1967, a practice that he continued thereafter. He further sought to involve his four children into the espionage










http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=27993

The American Presidency Project

Lyndon B. Johnson

XXXVI President of the United States: 1963-1969

58 - Telegram to the Director, Office of Cost Reduction, National Aeronautics and Space Administration.

February 9, 1966

I WANT to take this opportunity to congratulate NASA and its participating contractors on the accomplishments of the NASA-Contractor Cost Reduction Program and to wish you a successful Seminar.

The continued strength of this country depends upon our ability to provide for national security, to meet our international obligations, and to pursue important endeavors here at home within budget limitations that will enable us to maintain a sound and healthy economy. This means that we must continue to look for better and less costly ways to do the job. I intend to continue to emphasize the necessity for efficiency and economy throughout the government and in concerns that are doing business or seeking to do business with the government.

NASA and its contractors have started a fine Cost Reduction Program. This program has already saved NASA $200 million. I am confident that your participation in this Seminar will stimulate further progress in this very important effort.

LYNDON B. JOHNSON

[Mr. Brooks C. Preacher, Director, Office of Cost Reduction, National Aeronautics and Space Administration, c/o NASA-Industry Cost Reduction Seminar, Ling-Temco-Vought Tower, Dallas, Tax. 75221]

Note: In a cost reduction report made public by the White House on February 15, Lawson B. Knott, Jr., Administrator of General Services, stated that the Federal Government had avoided $11.1 million in costs as a result of the President's directive of January 9, 1965, which placed a moratorium on purchases of new file cabinets and required a reduction in the purchase of office furniture and typewriters. The report pointed out that cost reduction had been achieved through use of rehabilitated and used equipment and by retiring records to low-cost storage space in Federal Records Centers (2 Weekly Comp. Pres. Docs., p. 221).










https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=laC6RHzGunY

YouTube


Family of Spies miniseries (1990)










http://www.presidency.ucsb.edu/ws/index.php?pid=43709

The American Presidency Project

Ronald Reagan

XL President of the United States: 1981 - 1989

Statement on Federal Audiovisual Aids and Publications

April 20, 1981

Today, I'm asking the heads of all Federal departments and agencies to impose an immediate moratorium on the production and procurement of new audiovisual aids and Government publications. The Federal Government is spending too much money on public relations, publicity, and advertising. Much of this waste consists of unnecessary and expensive films, magazines, and pamphlets.

I am keeping the pledge I made to this country to cut out wasteful spending by the Federal Government. While we have a duty to keep the citizens of this country accurately and fully informed about government programs and activities, we should not use this as a license to produce films, pamphlets, and magazines that do not truly serve the public interest.

Over the past few months, many of you have sent examples to us of publications and pamphlets, most of them unsolicited, that you felt were useless and a waste of the taxpayers' dollars. We are grateful for this contribution to our efforts to eliminate waste in this area. Additionally, some Federal agencies have already conducted their own reviews of public relations activity. Their investigations indicate that there is potential for significant savings from a review of this type in all our departments and agencies.

I am asking the heads of agencies and departments to impose a government-wide moratorium on these activities so that a comprehensive review of current and planned spending may be conducted. I am asking the head of each department and agency to develop specific plans to prevent abuses in the future. I have instructed the Director of the Office of Management and Budget to issue procedures and guidelines to carry out the directive, to assist agencies in developing plans, and to monitor the savings. I am requesting that all departments and agencies begin their reviews immediately and report their progress and plans no later than July 15, 1981.

During these difficult economic times, we cannot afford to waste time and money on activities that have limited benefit to the people of this country. Controlling spending on public relations, publicity, and advertising is an important contribution to our overall goal of cutting out waste in the Federal Government.










Family of Spies (1990) video:

01 hour 37 minutes 12 minutes

Michael L. Walker: What kind of big stuff?

John A. Walker Jr: Hey, you were good out there today, Wildman, but you're not old enough yet.

Michael L. Walker: Hey, I can do anything you can do, Tiger Breath.

John A. Walker Jr: Oh, yeah?

Michael L. Walker: Old enough for what?

John A. Walker Jr: Hey, when you're ready I'll let you know. Show me something first. Finish school. Hey! Bring us another round over here! What were you thinking about doing when you graduate from high school?

Michael L. Walker: I'm going to be a private investigator like you. Team Walker, right?

John A. Walker Jr: Wrong. That's what I thought too, but nah. This a career for after you retire from something. You know, I'd be thinking military if I was you. Think, uh, see the world, learn a job skill on the cutting edge of technology, get it on in a foreign language.

Michael L. Walker: Ha ha, yeah. Okay. I've been thinking about joining the navy, like you did.

John A. Walker Jr: Well, all right, son. You know, that'd make me real proud. To us, Team Walker and the United States Navy.



- posted by Kerry Burgess 11:35 AM Pacific Time Spokane Valley Washington USA Sunday 26 November 2017